An elaborative study on OWASP Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the interconnected web of networks including gadgets and other items embedded with electronics, software, and sensors which enable these objects to collect and exchange data with the OWASP IoT Top 10.

What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles, buildings, and other items embedded with electronics, software, and sensors which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. Today, we are beginning to see this concept become reality as more people start using their smartphones instead of traditional computers for their daily tasks like sending emails or surfing the web because there are no longer any restrictions as far as what type of device can be connected, where they’re located, who owns them, etc.

IoT Devices and their components.

IoT devices are the most common type of computing device. They are connected to the internet and can be controlled remotely by humans or other devices. The term “Internet of Things” (IoT) refers to all the different types of these devices, including smart appliances, wearables, and even sensors that monitor environmental conditions like temperature or water levels in rivers. A smart device has a processor in addition to a microcontroller that controls its operation via software stored on its memory when an application is running on it at any given time – this means that only one person would need access to control all aspects related to your smart appliance. On the other hand, dumb devices don’t have any kind of processing power at all: instead, they rely solely upon their physical characteristics such as weight or shape alone which makes them easy enough for anyone without any knowledge about technology whatsoever.

Main Challenges for IoT.

  • Insecure Web Interface: The most common web interface is not secure, because users can log into the system using their username/password combination or any other credentials. This can result in unauthorized access to the system and cause data loss or exposure to sensitive information.
  • Insufficient Transport Encryption: The application should use transport encryption when transmitting data over public networks such as the Internet; however, this does not always happen because there are many different types of protocols used for sending messages across different networks such as wireless and satellite transmission.
  • Unintended Data Leakage: Unencrypted traffic may be exposed when it passes through an unsecured network connection between devices that are connected by default without any authentication (802-11b/g). This makes it possible for hackers to steal passwords from these machines as well as intercept emails/webmail sessions between users while they’re logged into their accounts at home or work computers – all this could lead to financial loss if you don’t implement proper security measures immediately.

Uses that you should know about.

The Internet of Things (IoT) has become a ubiquitous part of our daily lives. It is a set of interconnected devices, systems, and automated equipment that can be accessed via the Internet. IoT vulnerabilities are an issue since its inception but only recently it has gained attention due to massive proliferation as more and more people are connecting their devices through various means. These devices are used for a variety of applications like smart homes, smart cars, and industrial automation systems in factories.

Why Specific to IoT?

IoT devices are more vulnerable to attacks than traditional devices. The nature of IoT makes it a new technology, which means not much research has been done on it yet. In addition, because IoT devices are more complex than traditional ones and have many more components that can be affected by vulnerabilities (and therefore exploited), they present an even greater risk for hackers looking to gain access to sensitive information or take control of your system.

Device risks.

Device risks refer to the risks associated with the device itself. The device could be compromised and used to attack other devices or networks. The device can also be used as an attack vector against other devices, which may have similar vulnerabilities. In addition, if you use a mobile app that uses a vulnerable feature of your IoT system (e.g., insecure communications), there is potential for exploitation from within your own organization’s network (and possibly beyond).

Platform risks.

Platform risk is the risk that an organization faces when they use a particular platform. The security of these platforms can be mitigated by using best practices and following industry standards, such as those set forth by OWASP.

Platform risks include:

  • Lack of device management – For example, if your device has no way to connect to a central server or database where it can be tracked and managed remotely.
  • Backdoors – If someone can access your internal network through their device (or yours), they have full access to everything on your network as well as all data stored there—including passwords and sensitive information like credit card numbers.

Application risks.

Application risks are related to the software and the application layer. There are four types of application risk:

  • Insecure authentication (e.g., password-based logins)
  • Unencrypted data storage (e.g., in a database or on a shared file system)
  • Unencrypted communication channels (e.g., between applications)
  • Insecure software installation and updates, which can lead to unauthorized access or Tamper-Proof Boot attacks
  • The Internet of things enables objects to collect and exchange data.


The IoT is an ecosystem where products can be connected via the internet to each other through the use of electronic data exchange between them. Devices within this environment are called “things” and include things such as cars or appliances but also include people sensing their environment using smartphones for example. Appsealing is a new and emerging technology that can be used for many different purposes. It can make our lives easier and more convenient but also poses some serious security risks. This is why individuals as well as companies need to educate ignorant people about this topic before implementing any type of IoT system into the networks or businesses.

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